What is nearsightedness?

If you have trouble seeing objects from a distance or find yourself squinting at the movies, you may have nearsightedness, or myopia.

This eye condition occurs when light entering the eye cannot be focused correctly onto your retina (the nerve layer of your eye), causing your vision to appear blurry.

The risks

In some cases, the condition can be severe. Extreme nearsightedness, known as high myopia, could cause the eyes to grow larger, increasing risk of:

  • retinal detachment: the detachment of the delicate nerve layer (the retina) from the eyeball
  • glaucoma: damage of the optic nerve due to eye pressure 
  • myopic maculopathy: weakness or damage to the center of the eye, the macula

How to treat nearsightedness

Nearsightedness can be diagnosed with a basic eye exam. The condition is usually detected at a young age, such as when a child has trouble seeing the blackboard. Treatment commonly includes corrective glasses and contact lenses.

Studies have shown that another treatment, orthokeratology or ortho K, can help slow or stabilize myopia in children. With this non-surgical process, a patient wears special hard contacts every night while sleeping. The lenses temporarily mold the eyes so the patient does not have to wear glasses or contacts throughout the day.

Certain medicated eye drops can also control myopia. New soft contact lenses have also recently been approved by the FDA to control myopia.

Nearsightedness can worsen despite treatment with glasses and contact lenses. Contact your doctor today for your best treatment option!

Dr. Chan is well-versed in the latest treatments to control myopia. Clarity Eyecare, serving the Mount Washington neighborhood in the greater Baltimore area, is now accepting appointments. Call or Contact Us for an appointment!

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Glasses for nearsightedness